Kasparov

Biography

Garry Kasparov is a Russian pro-democracy leader, global human-rights activist, business speaker and author, and former world chess champion.

For more information about Garry Download the Media Kit

  Garry’s Timeline  

Personal History

 
    Apr 1963
7-1975Ленинград-1 copy

April 1963

On April 13th, 1963 Garry Kasparov was born Garik Kimovich Weinstein (Russian: Гарик Вайнштейн). He… Read More

    Jan 1976
19-1980Шакаров,09.1980-1 copy

January 1976

Age 12 in January, Kasparov wins Soviet Junior Championship and repeats one year later.

    Apr 1980
kasparov28-1980

April 1980

From the age of 12 Garry Kasparov was setting new standards. After becoming the youngest player to… Read More

    Sep 1984
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September 1984

After defeating Beliavsky, Korchnoi, and Smyslov in the candidates matches, Kasparov earned the right to… Read More

    Sep 1985
events-thumb-3

September 1985

After Campomanes aborted the first match, a rematch between Garry Kasparov and Anatoly Karpov was due to be played… Read More

    Oct 1986
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October 1986

Due to the rematch clause of the 1985 match, Garry Kasparov was forced to defend his title… Read More

    Dec 1987
62Севилья

December 1987

In 1987, the candidates cycle format was changed for the first time since 1965. A… Read More

    Dec 1990
22Лион1990i copy

December 1990

The 1990 WCC match between Garry Kasparov and Anatoly Karpov was held from October 8 to December 30. The… Read More

    Feb 1993
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February 1993

Nigel Short began his chess career as a bona fide prodigy. He defeated Korchnoi in a simul at the age… Read More

    Sep 1995
13GK-An1995 copy

September 1995

Kasparov vs Anand, 1995 New York City Although stripped of his title by FIDE for… Read More

    Feb 1996
deep-blue-kasparov

February 1996

Deep Blue versus Garry Kasparov was a pair of famous six-game human–computer chess matches, in the format… Read More

    Oct 2000
kasparov-kramnik

October 2000

Kasparov vs Kramnik, 2000 London, England Although Garry Kasparov was not recognized as champion by FIDE, the… Read More

    Sep 2006
brief-kasparov-articleLarge

September 2006

Started The Other Russia Opposition.   

    Sep 2011
associations-1

September 2011

Founded by World Chess Champion Garry Kasparov and Jan Callewaert, driving force behind the European… Read More

    Mar 2012
associations-3

March 2012

The Kasparov Chess Foundation Africa was officially launched in March 2012 as a public benefit… Read More

    Aug 2012
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August 2012

Chairman of the Human Rights Foundation In 2012, Kasparov was named chairman of the New York-based… Read More

    Oct 2013
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October 2013

Named Senior Visiting Fellow, Oxford Martin School Human + Machine: Intuition and Calculation in a New… Read More

    Nov 2013
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November 2013

KASPAROV CHESS FOUNDATION ASIA & PACIFIC Kasparov Chess Foundation Asia-Pacific Pte Ltd (KCFAP) was incorporated… Read More

    May 2015
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May 2015

Garry Kasparov, a world champion chess player who has also led the battle for democracy… Read More

 

Garry Kasparov is a Russian pro-democracy leader, global human-rights activist, business speaker and author, and former world chess champion. He was born on April 13, 1963, in Baku, Azerbaijan (then USSR). He lives in New York City and travels constantly.

Kasparov came to international fame as the youngest world chess champion in history in 1985 at the age of 22. Seeking new challenges, he retired from professional chess in 2005 after a record 20 years as the world’s top-ranked player. Kasparov wasted no time after leaving chess, joking that he would be far busier as a retiree. He quickly became an important voice in the Russian pro-democracy movement against the repressive regime of Vladimir Putin.

In 2005 he formed the United Civil Front, of which he is still the chairman, and co-led The Other Russia coalition that focused on uniting the Russian opposition to Putin under the banner of free and fair elections. In 2012 he became the chairman of the NY-based Human Rights Foundation, which is dedicated to protecting dissidents and individual freedom around the world. His latest book is Winter is Coming: Why Vladimir Putin and the Enemies of the Free World must be Stopped.

Kasparov also turned his energy to writing and public speaking. “I have spent my life thinking about thinking,” he said, “and I find many others are as interested in the field of improving human performance as I am.” Kasparov’s keynote lectures and seminars on strategic thinking, achieving peak performance, and tech innovation have been acclaimed in dozens of countries. His 2007 book on decision-making, “How Life Imitates Chess” was translated into over 20 languages.

The Kasparov Chess Foundation was launched in New York City in 2002 with the purpose of bringing chess into the educational system in the USA and worldwide. Kasparov has long promoted the many benefits of chess for schoolchildren KCF’s program is now used in thousands of schools. KCF formed branches in Europe, Africa, Asia, and Latin America and will continue rapid expansion. Kasparov has traveled to dozens countries to promote scholastic chess programs.

[For more, see detailed bio below]

MILESTONES

  • iberoamerica copy1

    2014

    KASPAROV CHESS FOUNDATION IBERO AMERICA Kasparov Chess Foundation Ibero-America, launched in April, 2014 seeks to… Read More

  • asia

    2013

    KASPAROV CHESS FOUNDATION ASIA & PACIFIC Kasparov Chess Foundation Asia-Pacific Pte Ltd (KCFAP) was incorporated… Read More

  • imgres

    2013

    Named Senior Visiting Fellow, Oxford Martin School Human + Machine: Intuition and Calculation in a New… Read More

  • imgres-2

    2012

    Chairman of the Human Rights Foundation In 2012, Kasparov was named chairman of the New York-based… Read More

  • associations-3

    2012

    The Kasparov Chess Foundation Africa was officially launched in March 2012 as a public benefit… Read More

  • associations-1

    2011

    Founded by World Chess Champion Garry Kasparov and Jan Callewaert, driving force behind the European… Read More

  • brief-kasparov-articleLarge

    2006

    Started The Other Russia Opposition.   

  • kasparov05

    2005

    Garry Kasparov retires from professional chess 3/10/2005 – The winner of Linares and the world’s… Read More

  • 80081493

    2005

    Started United Civil Front in Russia  In 2005 he formed the United Civil Front, of… Read More

  • Kasparov-DeepJr

    2003

    GM Garry Kasparov, the world’s #1 player for the last 18 years took on Deep… Read More

  • associations-2

    2002

    The Kasparov Chess Foundation was launched in New York City in 2002 with the purpose… Read More

  • kasparov-kramnik

    Kasparov vs Kramnik, 2000

    Kasparov vs Kramnik, 2000 London, England Although Garry Kasparov was not recognized as champion by FIDE, the… Read More

  • deep-blue-kasparov

    Man vs Machine

    Deep Blue versus Garry Kasparov was a pair of famous six-game human–computer chess matches, in the format… Read More

  • 13GK-An1995 copy

    1995

    Kasparov vs Anand, 1995 New York City Although stripped of his title by FIDE for… Read More

  • article-2229987-15EC1BCC000005DC-190_634x405

    1993

    Nigel Short began his chess career as a bona fide prodigy. He defeated Korchnoi in a simul at the age… Read More

  • 22Лион1990i copy

    1990

    The 1990 WCC match between Garry Kasparov and Anatoly Karpov was held from October 8 to December 30. The… Read More

  • 62Севилья

    1987

    In 1987, the candidates cycle format was changed for the first time since 1965. A… Read More

  • image description

    1986

    Due to the rematch clause of the 1985 match, Garry Kasparov was forced to defend his title… Read More

  • events-thumb-3

    1985

    After Campomanes aborted the first match, a rematch between Garry Kasparov and Anatoly Karpov was due to be played… Read More

  • 08

    1984

    After defeating Beliavsky, Korchnoi, and Smyslov in the candidates matches, Kasparov earned the right to… Read More

  • kasparov28-1980

    1980

    From the age of 12 Garry Kasparov was setting new standards. After becoming the youngest player to… Read More

  • 19-1980Шакаров,09.1980-1 copy

    1976

    Age 12 in January, Kasparov wins Soviet Junior Championship and repeats one year later.

  • 7-1975Ленинград-1 copy

    APRIL 13, 1963

    On April 13th, 1963 Garry Kasparov was born Garik Kimovich Weinstein (Russian: Гарик Вайнштейн). He… Read More

Garry Kasparov — Detailed Biography (Download in PDF)

Born in Baku, Azerbaijan, in the Soviet Union in 1963, Garry Kasparov became the under-18 chess champion of the USSR at the age of 12 and the world under-20 champion at 17. He came to international fame at the age of 22 as the youngest world chess champion in history in 1985. He defended his title five times, including a legendary series of matches against arch-rival Anatoly Karpov. Kasparov broke Bobby Fischer’s rating record in 1990 and his own peak rating record remained unbroken until 2013. His famous matches against the IBM super-computer Deep Blue in 1996-97 were key to bringing artificial intelligence, and chess, into the mainstream.

Kasparov’s outspoken nature did not endear him to the Soviet authorities, giving him an early taste of opposition politics. He became one of the first prominent Soviets to call for democratic and market reforms and was an early supporter of Boris Yeltsin’s push to break up the Soviet Union. In 1990, he and his family escaped ethnic violence in his native Baku as the USSR collapsed. His refusal that year to play the World Championship under the Soviet flag caused an international sensation. In 2005, Kasparov, in his 20th year as the world’s top-ranked player, abruptly retired from competitive chess to join the vanguard of the Russian pro-democracy movement. He founded the United Civil Front and organized the Marches of Dissent to protest the repressive policies of Vladimir Putin. In 2012, Kasparov was named chairman of the New York-based Human Rights Foundation, succeeding Vaclav Havel. Facing imminent arrest during Putin’s crackdown, Kasparov moved from Moscow to New York City in 2013.

The US-based Kasparov Chess Foundation non-profit promotes the teaching of chess in education systems around the world. Its program already in use in schools across the United States, KCF also has centers in Brussels, Johannesburg, Singapore, and Mexico City. Garry and his wife Daria travel frequently to promote the proven benefits of chess in education and have toured Africa extensively.

Kasparov has been a contributing editor to the Wall Street Journal since 1991 and is a regular commentator on politics and human rights. He speaks frequently to business and political audiences around the world on innovation, strategy, individual freedom, and achieving peak mental performance. He is a Senior Visiting Fellow at the Oxford-Martin School with a focus on human-machine collaboration. Kasparov’s book How Life Imitates Chess on decision-making is available in over 20 languages. He is the author of two acclaimed series of chess books, My Great Predecessors and Modern Chess.

Kasparov’s new book, Winter Is Coming: Why Putin and the Enemies of the Free World Must Be Stopped, was released by PublicAffairs in October 2015. He describes the book as a mix of “one part history of the rise and fall of Russian democracy and the West’s role in both, from Gorbachev’s retreat from Eastern Europe to Putin’s invasion of Ukraine in 2014; one part current events with an analysis of the current security crisis and how and why the countries of the free world must unite to fight back against thugs and dictators; and one part personal memoir of my life as a citizen, witness, and activist in the USSR, democratic Russia, and Putin’s Russia.”

 

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Garry’s Timeline

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